Revelation 3:1-6 – Christian Standard Bible
Revelation 3:1-6 contains a dire warning to a dead church to urgently repent and an encouragement to the remaining saints to persevere to the end:
1.) 1 “Write [1:19, Therefore write what you have seen (1), what is (2-3), and what will take place after this (4-22).]
2.) to the angel [τῷ ἀγγέλῳ, literally: the messenger, interpretatively: the leader]
3.) of the church [ἐκκλησίας, the assembly (1:4, 11)] in Sardis [strong military, wealthy capital]:
Thus says the one [1:4, 8, 2:1, 8, 12, 18, 23] who has
1.) the seven spirits of God [τὰ πνεύματα τοῦ θεοῦ… τοὺς ἑπτὰ, better: seven-fold, Is 11:2]
2.) and the seven stars [churches/lamp-stands (1:4, 12), angels/stars (1:16) and spirits]:
1.1.) The Fake Works of a Dead Church (Revelation 3:1b)
It is possible to look good on the outside and be a rotten corpse on the inside.
I know [Mt 9:4, 12:25, Mk 2:6-8, 14:13-15, Lk 6:8, Jn 1:47-48, 4:18, 11:11-15, Ac 1:24]
your [Singular] works [Mt 7:21-23, Re 20:11-15];
a.) You [Singular] have a reputation [a name] for being alive [Jn 11:17-27, ζῆς/βίος],
b.) but you [Singular] are dead [Temple to Cybele/Artemis, power to restore the dead to life]. ➋
1.2.) A Dead Church’s Remedy (Revelation 3:2-3)
Those in darkness are commanded by God to repent.
1.) 2 Be alert [PPM; stand, give account; Vigilant or values shift, attention wanders],
2.) and strengthen [AAM; other MSS guard] what remains, which is about to die [or personal],
for I have not found your [Singular] works complete before my God.
3.) 3 Remember [PAM], then, what you [Singular] have received [PAI] and heard [AAI];
4.) keep it [PAM],
5.) and repent [AAM]. ➌
1.3.) A Dead Church’s Reward (Revelation 3:3b)
Jesus is coming, judgment is sure, and it will be swift.
a.) you [Singular] are not alert [mountainous, hard to capture, twice defeated by complacency],
I will come [MSS: upon you]
like a thief,
and you [Singular] have no idea at what hour
I will come upon you [Singular]. ➊
2.) The Future Hope of Living Saints (Revelation 3:4-5)
b.) 4 But you have a few people [note the transition to plural, literally: few names] in Sardis ➍
1.) who have not defiled their [plural] cloths [or soiled],
2.) and they will walk with me in white, because they are worthy. ➎
c.) 5 “In the same way [note the transition back to singular],
the one who conquers [singular 2:7, 11, 17, 26, 3:12, 21, 21:7]
1.) will be dressed in white clothes,
2.) and I will never erase his [singular] name from the book of life
3.) but will acknowledge his [singular] name before my Father and before his angels. ➏
6 “Let anyone who has ears to hear listen to what the Spirit says to the churches.
Key to the Sermon Outline
Grammar is highlighted in Orange.
Lists are numbered 1.), 2.), 3.).
Comparisons are lettered a.), b.), c.).
Key concepts requiring explanation are highlighted in Green.
Textual notes are bracketed and highlighted in Yellow.
Repeated words, phrases or concepts are highlighted in Red.
Commands to be obeyed and applications are highlighted in Pink.
Words that are struckthrough have a better translation in the comments.
The main idea of the passage or a section is highlighted in Blue.
The numbering system is related to application: unbeliever ➊, seekers ➋, back sliders ➌, new believers ➍, believers ➎ and old saints ➏.
A cross marks the best place in the text to directly proclaim the Gospel.
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